Fundamentals of Technical Examination

Technical analysis was truly an arcane art before the internet boom. Chartists perform technical analysis in their secret rooms with data that was carefully collected from professional sources. Those were the times when stock prices and data did not have a medium through which to be readily available to the public and be ran through publicly available software to produce the charts that are available today.Today, with internet in almost every household, technical analysis became an art anyone could practice. Complex charts, technical indicators and analysis that was once the sole domain of a few highly paid wallstreet analysts are now available to anyone who wants it, often for free.

Technical analysis also became linked to short term aggressive trading instruments such as stock options and futures because of its excellent short term predictive nature.With technical analysis this popular, I feel obligated to teach you once and for all everything you need to know about how to conduct proper technical analysis before you teknisk analys  start looking at your first chart. A lot of amateurs fail at technical analysis simply because they didn’t have the necessary basic knowledge to understand how to interpret technical indications properly in the first place. With the knowledge in this article, you will definite experience more success at technical analysis.The two principles of technical analysis are the most important foundation in understanding technical analysis and interpreting technical analysis properly. Too many amateurs misinterpret technical indications simply because they did not understand these two simple principles. This is also the only part in this tutorial that addresses the mental aspect of technical analysis and should be clearly understood before moving on. The two principles of technical analysis are Significance and Prudence.

Principle #1: Significance

Significance refers to the degree that a technical indication is true. Take breakout and reversal signals for example. Does a 0.5% close above a resistance level indicate a breakout? Does a 1% reversal in a bearish stock that has fallen more than 40% indicate a reversal? No. The degree of significance for both cases is just too weak. Most technical analysis beginners who do not understand the principle of significance would take a small fake out as a breakout and then act on the wrong stocks. The judgment of significance is, however, a matter of experience. How much of a breakout represents a significant breakout? How much of a reversal represents a significant reversal and how big a candle represents a strong morning star signal? The judgment of significance is something you need to acquire and refine as you put more years behind your ears.

Principle #2: Prudence

Prudence refers to the ability to say “No” when in doubt. Technical analysis is more of an art than a science. This is because even though technical indications are scientifically generated, the interpretation of technical indications is highly subjective. You are going to experience many marginal or doubtful moments in technical analysis. Technical signals that “almost made it” as well as technical signals that are “neither here nor there”. Those are the times to exercise the technical analysis principle of Prudence and to make the most conservative interpretation. When a signal is marginal, you should always exercise prudence by giving benefit of the doubt to disqualifying the signal. When a significant breakout signal is produced after a huge drawdown, you should exercise prudence by waiting for further confirmation or enter the position gradually over a few days.

Key Tool #1: Charts

Chart reading is the most fundamental tool in technical analysis and is also why technical analysis is frequently referred to as “Chartology”. Before the popularization of the internet, during the age where analysts still read tapes, technical analysts have to obtain stock quotes from “secret sources” and then plot them down on huge chart papers in their secret rooms. What then is a chart? A chart is simply a plot of the stock prices made into a curve. A chart’s basic function is to show the TREND of a stock’s price action. Without a chart, a stock closing at a price of $50 has no meaning at all. With a chart, you can clearly see the price action trend down from $100 to $50, giving investors the first indication of where the future price action of that stock might be. In the beginning, charts are plotted merely as a single line joining the prices together. Recently, with more and more powerful computers and software, more innovative and informative plotting methods like candlesticks, bar charts and point and figure charts are developed and made easily available through the internet. No matter what type of chart you look at, the only aim is to provide an indication of where the future movement of the stock might be. Another important aspect of charts is “Chart Patterns”. Different types of charting method can produce easily recognizable patterns and formations that can be associated with certain future expectations. Popular chart patterns include “morning stars” in candlestick charting, “double top breakout” in point and figure charting and “double bottom” formation.